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Glossario

Cbonds industries

Categoria — Nozioni Generali
Name Description Examples
Agriculture Cultivation of crops, hunting and breeding animals. These are usually non-commercial products, i.e., they cannot be served to the consumer. Archer Daniels Midland, Bunge Ltd, Cargill
Air Transportation Transportation of people and goods by air and into space. American Airlines Group, China Eastern Airlines
Aircraft Production and Defense Production of assembled aircrafts: airplanes, launch vehicles, and spacecrafts, as well as major repairs. Includes air navigation equipment. Production of weapons for citizens, the army, and special services. Rockets, tanks, helicopters, military drones, small arms, and explosives, a s well as accessories for all of the above. Boeing, Airbus, Raytheon, Smith & Wesson, Lockheed Martin
Apparel and Luxury Goods Manufacture of clothing, footwear, and bags. Including the material production (for example, textiles) if carried out for clothing manufacturers. Nike, Adidas, Levi Strauss, Hanesbrands
Banks They carry out banking activities directly as a separate unit or branch or through their subsidiaries. TCS Group, Barclays, HSBC, Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley
Building Materials Production of concrete, cement, brick, reinforced concrete, and other materials and structures used in residential and specialized construction. HeidelbergCement, Cipriani Profilati, Compagnie De St-Gobain, Votorantim Cimentos, St. Marys Cement
Casinos and Gambling Lotteries, casinos, sports betting in any form: offline, online. And everything else related to chance. Note: in some jurisdictions, the company may operate in the gambling business and provide hotel accommodation services. In this case, pay attention to which one is an additional business. For example, for companies from Las Vegas and Macau, hotels are more likely to be additional business, and the main income comes from gambling activity. Ritzio International, Boyd Gaming, Caesars Holdings, CCM Merger, Casinos Austria, Cirsa Gaming, Gamenet, Novomatic
Chemical and Petrochemical Industry Production of chemical goods (for example, polystyrene and other plastics, polyolefin, and rubber), and gas production. Usually, these products are raw materials for other industries that allow obtaining specific products. Westlake Chemical, LG Chem, Eastman Chemical, DuPont
Coal Mining Extraction and processing of any type of coal. Warrior Met Coal, Contura Energy
Communication Services Provision of terrestrial, cellular, Wi-Fi, and satellite communication services. Advanced Wireless, Altice France, British Telecommunications
Consumer and Commercial Services Hairdressers, nail salons, laundries, equipment repair shops, funeral services, passport photos, nannies, nurses, premises renovation, cleaning, and security services. Equipment rental services (household appliances, computers), clothing, vehicles, and everything that is now called "...- sharing". Service Corp International, Rentokil Initial, Rollins, Verisure Holdings, G4S, Monitronics
Courier and Delivery services Delivery of goods, parcels, and letters to private and corporate customers. Fedex, DHL, ZTO Express (Cayman)
Domestic and Commercial Construction Construction, overhaul and reconstruction of buildings of all types: residential, offices, hotels, shopping centers, hospitals, schools, and restaurants. Ashton Woods, Beazer Homes USA
Domestic Appliances Household goods: vacuum cleaners, refrigerators, stoves, dishwashers, TV, radio, coffee makers, microwave ovens, etc. Amica, Electrolux, Vestel
Education Educational services: school, preschool, professional, and additional learning programs (for example, driving schools). Stanford University
Electricity Production and distribution of electricity from any type of fuel. Consolidated Edison, RWE AG, Nexus Energia
Entertainment and Leisure Museums, cinemas, theaters, fitness, swimming pools, water parks, parks, and golf clubs. Cinemark Holdings, AMC Entertainment Holdings, 24 Hour Fitness Worldwide
Equipment and Services for Oil and Gas Extraction Equipment manufacturing or service (installation, well drilling, and repair) supporting oil and gas production on land or at sea. Baker Hughes, Schlumberger, Transocean, Halliburton, Seadrill Partners
Ferrous Metals Extraction of iron ore or manganese. Production of steel, cast iron, and ferroalloys. Pipe production. BHP Group, Usiminas
Fertilizers Extraction of agronomic ores or production of any types of mineral fertilizers (nitrogen, potash, phosphorus, and complex). Potash Corporation
Financial Markets Exchanges (stock, commodity), brokers, and management companies. That is, companies that make money on servicing the financial market and on operations in the financial market (dealers). TD Ameritrade, Intercontinental Exchange
FMCG-Retail Retail trade of everyday goods through various types of shops: groceries, alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages, tobacco, medicines, personal hygiene products. 7-Eleven, Kroger
Food and Beverage Production Production of any food products (including pre-made products), and alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages. Coca-Cola, AB InBev Worldwide
Government Agencies Organizations that are under government control, usually created under separate laws to fulfill specific government purposes. For example, to stimulate mortgage lending. Freddie Mac, Fannie Mae, Hong Kong Mortgage Corporation, CANADA MORTGAGE AND HOUSING CORPORATION, Korea Housing Finance Corporation
Holding Companies Investment in various sectors of the economy, and participation in company management. Typically, such companies do not have their own operations but operate through their subsidiaries. But there are exceptions. They are sometimes called conglomerates. The word "holding" in the name of a company is not an essential requirement for a company to be recognized as a holding. Votorantim, GPC Participacoes, Koch Industries
Hotels and Lodging Hotels and guesthouses. Also, booking services, travel agencies, and campings. Hilton, International Hotel Investments, Union Hoteli, Marriott International, Booking, Carlson Travel
Infrastructure and Special Construction Construction, repair, installation, reconstruction, and dismantling of auto- and railway roads, bridges, tunnels, power lines, water pipelines, dams, and other objects (not offices or residential real estate). AG Participacoes, MasTec, Astaldi S.p.A., Jiangsu New Headline Development Group Co., Ltd. 
Insurance and Reinsurance All insurance and reinsurance companies and insurance brokers. As well as non-state pension insurance companies. Liberty Mutual Insurance, Prudential
IT equipment Hardware. This includes personal and commercial computers, servers, 3-d printers, and accessories and peripherals for this equipment. Dell, HP, Xerox, NEC
IT Services and Computer Programming Software development, and provision of IT services, including the Internet. Yandex, Alphabet, Oracle, PTC
Leasing and Rental All companies that provide leasing and long-term non-financial leasing of cars, airplanes, and other machinery/equipment, such as rolling stock. They can work with both commercial structures and individuals. Global Aircraft Leasing, Elis, Storent Investments, Loxam, Rivaaz Trade Ventures, Fortress Transportation and Infrastructure Investors
Manufacture of Miscellaneous Consumer Goods Furniture, bed linen, dishes, lamps, sports equipment, musical instruments, and toys. Mattel, American Outdoor Brands, Peloton Interactive, Hasbro
Marine Transportation Transportation of people and goods by water. Carnival Corp, CMA CGM
Media TV and radio broadcasting, publication of newspapers and magazines. Production of TV series, films, and cartoons. Walt Disney, Seoul Broadcasting System, AMC Networks
Medical Devices Medical equipment manufacturers: X-rays, endoscopes, tonometers, glucometers, etc. Avanos Medical, Limacorporate, Stryker, Allied Healthcare Products
Medical Services Services provided to patients in the following institutions: medical centers, clinics, hospitals, laboratories for medical tests, dentist offices, and patient transportation. MD Medical Group, Tenet Healthcare, Surgery Partners, Community Health Systems (CHS), Laboratory Corp of America, Acadia Healthcare
Microfinance Companies offering short-term loans to individuals and businesses, including pawn shops and collection companies. International Personal Finance, Alpha Holding
Mining: Other Everything that could not be categorized in specific mining industries. For example: diamonds, peat, clay, gravel, chalk, gypsum, quartz, mica, silicon, feldspar, and others. Ciner Resources, U.S. Silica Holdings
Miscellaneous Construction Anything that is not suitable for specific construction industries or could not be identified.  
Miscellaneous Healthcare: Products and Services Anything that does not fit under the medicines, biotechnology, medical services, and medical equipment categories. That is, something that cannot be classified.  
Miscellaneous Machinery and Industrial Equipment Production of machine tools, instruments, equipment, and components that are not related to vehicles, airplanes, weapons, computer technology, or medical equipment. For example, the production of machine tools, civil ships, trains, agricultural machinery, and heavy machinery for the extraction of useful ores. Deere & Company, AAON, Amphenol Technologies Holding
Miscellaneous Transportation Services Something that cannot be defined for other specific industries.  
Miscellaneous Wholesale and Retail Trade Something that could not be allocated to other specific industries due to lack of data.  
Motor Vehicle Production Manufacture of cars (including electric vehicles), trucks, campervans, trailers, and motorcycles. We also take into account the production of vehicle components (nodes, chassis, car engines, tires, and lidars). Ford, BMW, Volvo, Tesla
Non-Ferrous Metals Extraction and production of all non-ferrous metals: zinc, aluminum, copper, uranium, lead, nickel, tin, etc. Production of rolled products from these metals, if this rolled metal is not used as an end product for the automotive industry, aviation, and weapons. Alcoa, Southern Copper
Oil and Gas Extraction and Refining Extraction of any type of oil and gas (including associated gas), and their processing. This also includes vertically integrated oil companies. Shell, Chevron, Total
Online Retail Sites that offer their own goods and services, also serving as marketplaces and sites for ads of other people’s goods (including used ones) and services. Most of the company’s income comes from online sales, and it does not need brick-and-mortar stores. OZON, Amazon, iPower, Chewy, Reebonz Holding, Alibaba, Ebay
Other Financial Institutions If the company is NOT involved in insurance, banking, microfinance and stock exchange activities. For example, this includes factoring companies and companies created for securitization. And also, the companies whose activities cannot be accurately determined due to lack of information.  
Other Sectors Not suitable for a specific industry or cannot be categorized due to lack of information.  
Packaging Manufacture of plastic glass/paper/metal packaging, lids, etc. Typically, these products are used for packaging goods: food, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, furniture, appliances, and other goods. Ball Corporation, Silgan Holdings
Personal Care and Household Goods Manufacture of hygiene products for adults, children, and animals: perfume, toothpaste, shampoo, gel, lotion, sanitizer, toilet paper, powder, soap, detergent, and other similar products. Manufacture of other non-durable goods, such as batteries, toothbrushes, sponges, and light bulbs. Kimberly-Clark, L’Oreal, Procter & Gamble
Pharmaceutical Preparation and Biotechnology Production of pharmaceuticals: pills, syrups, gels, and ointments. Also includes material production such as bandages, biotechnology developments such as vaccines. AstraZeneca, Teva, Moderna
Pipelines Delivery of oil, gas, and oil products through pipes. Energy Transfer, Williams Companies
Precious Metal Mining Mining of precious metals: gold, silver, and platinum group metals (platinum, palladium, rhodium, osmium, iridium, and rutanium). Barrick Gold, AngloGold Ashanti Holdings
Professional Services Legal services, accounting, audit, consulting, hiring services, engineering, scientific activities, and architectural bureaus. Zalaris, Korn Ferry, Adecco, ManpowerGroup
Pulp, paper and wood Timber production, processing, production of paper, cardboard, and sawn timber (excluding production of furniture). Arctic Paper, Cascades, International Paper
Railroad Transportation Transportation of people and goods by railways. CSX Corporation, Guangshen Railway, SNCF, Deutsche Bahn
Real Estate Investment and Services Investing, property management (including rentals), and facilitation of real estate transactions. This includes companies that lease their properties (offices, warehouses), real estate agencies, REITs, real estate brokers, etc. BORGOSESIA, Hemso Fastighets, Apple Hospitality REIT, UDR Inc, Omega Healthcare Investors
Restaurants and Bars Cafes, bars, pubs, restaurants, and catering services. Mc Donald’s, Yum! Brands
Road transportation Transportation of goods and passengers carried out in and between residential places by land (but not by rail or sea transport). Lyft, Boreal Holding
Semiconductors Manufacture of chips, integrated circuits, microcontrollers, light-emitting diodes for any equipment: computers, cars, industrial equipment, aviation, etc. Micron, Intel, Advanced Micro Devices, ADATA Technology, Broadcom Corp, Nvidia
Specialty Retailers Stores, hypermarkets, and other company formats engaged in: the sale of electronics, cars, clothing, building materials, and other specialized stores. HORNBACH, Anakku, El Corte Ingles, Nordstrom, Penner Automotores, Mareauto, GENUINE PARTS
Telecommunication Equipment Manufacture of devices for consumers and telecom providers. These can be telephones, routers, and cellular or satellite transmitters. Ericsson, Juniper Networks, Alcatel Lucent, GN Store Nord
Tobacco All manufacturers of tobacco products (cigarettes, cigars, e-cigarettes, etc.). Imperial Brands PLC, Altria Group Inc, Reynolds American Inc, Philip Morris International Inc, Japan Tobacco Inc
Transportation Services Train stations, airports, terminals, warehouses, ports, toll road management (usually concessions), and bus stops. Deloports
Waste Management Services Waste processing and storage, emergency response. SUEZ, Advanced Disposal Services
Water, Heat and Gas Supply Provision of utilities: gas supply, hot and cold water supply, sewerage, heating, and air conditioning. American Water Works, Bristol Water
Wholesale Trade Companies engaged in the wholesale trade, supply or distribution of raw materials (for example, coal, metals, oil, and agricultural products), oil products, equipment, consumer goods, machinery, and medical supplies. Gunvor Group, Trafigura
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